Literacy refers to reading and writing. Literacy skills emerge at age three and continue to develop across the lifespan. Literacy therapy involves: 

  • developing fluent alphabet knowledge and letter sound awareness

  • building phonological awareness skills (a group of precursor skills which focus on teaching children to identify the individual sounds within words)

  • identifying high frequency words (e.g. Sight or Key Words)

  • reading and writing according to phonetics

  • reading and writing according to complex spelling patterns and rules. 

Sound literacy skills are essential for academic success. Please see our tip sheet on literacy development for information on literacy milestones.

Download our Literacy Milestones flyer to see if your child is reading and writing with developmental milestones: